West Bengal is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation’s fourth-most populous.It is also the seventh-most populous sub-national entity in the world, with over 91 million inhabitants. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2), it is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, and the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata. Together with the neighboring nation of Bangladesh and the state of Tripura, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.
Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Vedic kingdoms. Bengal region was part of large Indian empires such as the Maurya empire (second century BC) and Gupta Empire (fourth century AD); and part of the regional Pala Empire (eighth to 11th century) and Sena dynasty (11thâ€“12th century). From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, Hindu kings and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century.
FAMOUS TOURIST CITIES OF WEST BENGAL
Balurghat is the headquarters of the Dakshin Dinajpur district of West Bengal in India. Hili (Bangladesh border) lies few kilometers from the heart of the city.
Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in the Mahabharat Range or Lesser Himalaya at an average elevation of 6,710 ft (2,045.2 m). It is noted for its tea industry and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway.
Hooghly district is situated at a distance of 40 km to the north of Kolkata. It is sited at the west bank of river Hooghly, hence the name. Vasco da Gama, who is known for discovering India, once landed there and the place also served as a port to Moguls and Portuguese.
Jaldapara is the long stretch of lush green forest in the northern part of West Bengal. Jaldapara is synonymous to the wildlife in the state of Bengal. There is a wildlife sanctuary in Jaldapara, which attracts a good number of tourists.
Kalimpong is the best bet. To much extent, it has been shadowed by the fame of Darjeeling. Maybe that has done some good to retain its unspoilt beauty. The city has managed to remain aloof from the hustle bustle.
On traveling to Kolkata, one would encounter a city with a curious mixture of colonial past, contemporary cultural vibrancy and political expression. According to legend, when Siva’s wife’s corpse was cut up, one of her fingers fell at the site of what is now the Kali Temple at Kalighat.
Nabadwip is the birthplace and abode of the founder of Vaishnav religion and great social reformer – Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Nabadwip in Nadia District, West Bengal is a historic town situated on the banks of Bhagirathi River.
Siliguri also known as Gateway of North East India is a city in the Indian state of West Bengal. Siliguri is located on the banks of the Mahananda River and the foothills of the Himalayas, it is a principal commercial, tourism, transportation, and educational center of North Bengal.