With a rich historical and cultural past, Pataliputra or Patna of today stands as the capital of Bihar. Once a prosperous city with strong Buddhist connections and a great learning center, Patna has developed into a modern city.
For a tourist, there is no dearth of Places of Interest in Patna. Due to its enormous background, the city is blessed with numerous archaeological and historical sites. Apart from these sites modern attractions like museums, boating clubs, libraries, shopping malls, cinemas etc, are very much available in Patna.
HOW TO REACH
Since Patna is the capital of Bihar it shares excellent air connectivity with most of the important Indian cities like, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. There are numerous flights that operate to and from Patna regularly.
Patna is linked to the major cities in India by an extensive road network. You can reach Patna easily by road via Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Ranchi and Siliguri.
Patna is an important railway junction in the Eastern Railway division in India. There are a number of trains that connect Patna to other major railway stations across India, like Kolkata, Delhi, Varanasi and Siliguri (New Jalpaiguri).
WHAT TO SEE
This is one of the most impressive historical tourist attractions in India. The Kumhrar is an edifice that offers a glimpse of the artifacts and ruins that date back to the Mauryan rule in the city. Some of the exclusive ruins found at the Kumhrar include; a Buddhist monastery, clay figures, a massive pillared assembly hall, parts of Anand Bihar and wooden beams.
Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb:-
The Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb happens to be the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh. It is one of the most revered religious monuments in Patna. It was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ruler of Punjab.
The Golghar is another significant tourist spot in Patna. The structure is a beehive shaped store house meant to store grains in times of famine. The Golghar is a 125 meters wide building surrounded by walls that are 3.6 meters thick. If you reach the top of the building you get picturesque views of the city and the beautiful Ganga River.
It is one of the major tourist attractions in Patna. Also known as Jadu Ghar the Patna Museum is home to an assortment of bronze and stone sculptures and a host of terracotta figures belonging to the ancient Hindu and Buddhist artists in India. The museum also houses the Didarganj Yakshi which is probably one of the finest examples of Mauryan art in the country.
The Patna Planetarium happens to be the largest Planetarium in Asia. It is definitely one of the must visits in the city. There are a number of films shows, and exhibitions on astronomy and science that are held here from time to time. The Patna Planetarium attracts tourist from all parts of the country.
The Qila House is among the most prominent tourist spots in Patna. It is also known as Jalan House. The Qila House is a monument that offers a vast collection of interesting jades, Chinese paintings and other works of art that speaks volumes about the rich history of the state.
If you are a passionate shopper, shopping in Patna may turn out to be a delightful experience.
The region of has a quite rich tradition of handicrafts. The skilled artisans of Bihar have over ages perfected the art of Stone and bead-jewellery, Stone pottery etc. these are quite popular with those who go for shopping in Patna.
Check out artifacts like: hand-painted wall hangings, miniatures in paper and leaves, applique work on fabric while shopping in Patna. Wooden stools, Leather goods should also feature in your shopping cart in Patna.
Madhubani painting is a famous handicraft of Bihar that has gone places. Mostly practiced by the Bihari women folk, the school of painting illustrates mythological themes, incorporating images of local deities as well as Hindu gods and goddesses. Do not forget to pick up an item or two of while shopping in Patna. These artifacts serve well to decorate the interior of your home or as souvenirs too.
Bihar food or Bihar cuisine, as it can be said, has a long history that can be traced back to the cultures that flourished in this region or to the kingdoms that rose in this territory.
The main Bihar food is rice that forms the main course of food. Since the days of the Buddha the staple food of the people of Bihar has been rice. In fact, rice is consumed by all classes and stratas of the people; the only difference is that the rich consumes superior quality of rice than the poor or the mediocre.
It is said that rice was served to Huien Tsang at Nalanda. Even, Abul Fazal sings the praise of the rice as a staple Bihar food.